Sleeping on Their Feet

The stay apparatus first appeared in the modern horse’s ancestor dinohippus, 5 to 13 million years ago. This unique evolutionary trait enables the horse to sleep standing up. Horses actually require very little sleep, and even less REM sleep, which is probably a good thing because REM sleep can only be achieved when the horse is lying […]

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Food for Thought

Over millions of years of evolution, all aspects of the digestive systems of herbivores have undergone extensive modifications to be able to convert plant cellulose to energy. The horse is no exception. Specialized teeth & muzzle Horses have evolved with specialized teeth. The premolars and molars are enlarged and have ridged surfaces that act as a grindstone, […]

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