Barrier Frustration in the Stabled Horse

Stall kicking and pawing are two undesired behaviours observed in stabled horses. There is uncertainty as to whether they represent true stereotypic behaviours or may be more accurately classified as unwanted behaviours arising in response to barrier frustration, which occurs when the expression of normal, species-specific behaviours is hindered (McGreevy, 2012; Nakonechny, 2017; Pascoe & […]

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